John Hontelez, for FSC, presentation at OWG
8, Tuesday 4 February, meeting with Major Groups.
| FSC proposes to build these on the Aichi Targets, adopted by almost
all countries in the world in 2010. Our three proposals:
1. Goal or target on halting deforestation by 2020. Not literally Aichi Target 5, which aims halting “where possible”. We think it should be made possible with intensifying political will and international cooperation, recognising that this is of global interest.
2. Also a goal or target of 15% restoration of degraded forest lands, in line with Aichi Target 15. I refer to the Bonn Challenge, where governments and stakeholders have already committed to work to the restoration of 150 million ha in forests in 2020, which is about the 15% restoration. This objective would compensate for the forest loss of the last 20 years.
3. But we should not only focus on quantity, quality is as important. Therefore we also propose as one of the goals of targets to ensure sustainable forest management by 2020, in line with Aichi Target 7..
Whereby we propose a specific indicator in terms of the “increased use of transparent, effective, balanced multi stakeholder governed
forest and chain-of custody systems, particularly in regions where forests
are under most pressure”. We are convinced that such systems, such as FSC has developed, can be
a reliable tool to promote sustainable forest managements, and governments
have several tools to promote its success. The Biodiversity Indicators
Partnership of the CBD and UNEP has already accepted FSC certification
as an indicator for Aichi Target 7, on sustainable management.
|Forests in a sustainable world
Daju Pradnja Resosudarmo
| CIFOR sees two complementary ways forward
§ Recognize forests as essential element in multiple SDGs
§ Explore Sustainable Landscapes as a crosscutting SDG, in
which forests are a major component
|Women’s Major Group contribution for the
Eighth Session of the Open Working
Group on the Sustainable Development Goals
Forests and Biodiversity
・ Zero loss of forest cover by 2030 (based
on a definition of forests that excludesindustrial tree and shrub plantations);7
・ Zero depletion of clean freshwater
resources, full protection and ambitious restorationof healthy freshwater ecosystems by 2030.
This requires both the protection andrestoration of healthy ecosystems and
ending over-extraction of water, especially forirrigation and water-intensive industries;
・ Zero loss of other ecosystems, including
grasslands, peatlands, savannah, tundra andalpine ecosystems by 2030;
・ 50 million hectares of degraded or
destroyed ecosystems restored or allowed tonaturally regenerate by 2030;
・ Phasing out all agricultural practices
that cause soil erosion, depletion and compactionby 2030;
・ All potentially perverse incentives
promoting unsustainable consumption andproduction patterns that might trigger
biodiversity loss have been redirected oreliminated by 2030;
・ The territorial rights and customary
conservation practices of Indigenous Peoples,women and local communities have been fully
documented and recognized by 2030;
・ Women and men participating equally in
forests and other natural resourcegovernance;
・ Free, Prior and Informed Consent of all
communities, including Indigenous Peoples,
required for any projects and developments that may affect lands which they own, occupy or otherwise use.
Forests and Biodiversity
Joint position paper by members of the CBD
and the Global Forest Coalition2
6. We strongly oppose a separate Sustainable Development Goal on Forests. Forests are an ecosystem, and should be recognized as such.
7. We also oppose any “net” goals or
targets for forests, land degradation or other ecosystems. The assumption that
you would be able to compensate ecosystem or soil loss at one location with
ecosystem or soil restoration in another location is deeply flawed from a
moral, scientific, and social justice perspective.
8. We strongly oppose the economic
valorization of Nature in any given way, as pricing something ?rather then
protecting it- gives it a mercantile value, and opens the door to
9. We demand that monoculture plantations,
or plantations with non-native species, can in no case account as biodiversity
10. We demand that the use of genetically
modified trees is banned.
11. We demand that by 2030, all products
produced on industrial scale must contain labelling information regarding:
・ Their origin and impact on Biodiversity
・ For food and other products of organic
origin: the kind of soils where they were produced, production processes, etc
・ For industrthe local and globial
products: impact of the industry on al environment
・ For products containing minerals:
information on mining processes
・Ecological footprint of the product
| European Union and its Member States
“Oceans and seas, forests and biodiversity"
| We need to reverse the loss of forest cover worldwide and increase
efforts to prevent forest degradation, halt the rate of loss of primary
forests and increase significantly the areas of protected forests.
It is important to eliminate illegal logging, and associated trade, by strengthening forest governance frameworks, tenure rights and law enforcement, and increase the resource-wise use and the proportion of forest products from sustainably managed forests.
It is necessary to address the direct and indirect drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, including through the adoption of integrated land-use management and land planning.
| Foreign Ministry of Japan,
|| On forests, 80 percent of the species on the land are living in forests,
and forests are directly linked with biodiversity. In addition, obviously
forests are related to poverty eradication, water management, climate change,
disaster risk reduction, and others issues. Forests are also an important
element of sustainable development. Sustainable forest management is the
central part of this issue, and we think that the criteria and indicators
established by many fora for SFM and Global Forest Resources Management
by FAO will contribute to the effective monitoring and implementation of
targets for forests.
| Statement of
Assistant Director-General, FAO Forestry
Chair, Collaborative Partnership on Forests
| To assist you in your near-term deliberations CPF members have worked
together to provide a global analysis of international instruments related
to forests. Based on this analysis, we have prepared an analytical document
and summary for negotiators that outline possible targets and indicators
on forests in the SDGs that will be shared with you in the coming days.
We hope this will help you in your deliberations.
CBD Alliance and the Global Forest Coalitionによる文書が示すように、環境NGO側から、「森林問題を生物多様性と切り離して議論しないこと」という主張がなされています。SDGｓの議論で単独の森林に関する討議の場がないのは、全体として森林に関する関心が低下していることの現れを思っていましたが、そのような議論への配慮か思われます。